Cystectomy in view of history

  • Osman Köse
  • Hasan S. Sağlam

Bull Urooncol 2012;11(1):58-61

Revolutionary advances were achieved in medicine as in some other areas by means of reflection of Renaissance phylosophy to science and art in Europe. In century significant improvements in the medical field were provided in the light of great inventions in European countries strating realize industrial revolution. In the second half of the century improvements were achieved about how to carry out the bladder surgery and consequently perineal incision was abandoned and suprapubic incision begun. The first total cystectomy was carried out in 1887 in Köln by Bernhard Bardenheur (1839-1913). In 1909, Cemil Pasha, one of the first doctors sent to the west for education, was assigned to reorganize the military and civil medical schools and as a first job he gathered them in the new building in Haydarpaşa. In 1908 the first urology clinic was founded by operator Cemil Pasha at surgery clinics in Haydarpaşa newly opened medical school in the year that the Second Constitutional Monarchy was declared. In Europe about 250 cystectomies were reported untill 1939. While bladder tumors were classified as benign or malignant untill 1942, for the first time Karl Heusch made staging in the bladder tumors. By the 1950s, with the acceleration of the young republic that passed a period of time without war, infrastructural efforts to catch the age in medicine as in other areas started to reveal success. Coming from Gülhane Medical Academy Gıyas Korkut was appointed as a clinical director in 1956 in İstanbul University and thereafter the first cystectomy was carried out in 1960 in İstanbul University medical faculty.

Keywords: history; cystectomy; urinary diversion